Dal Lake,Kashmir

Kashmir Dal Lake In Summer:

Location Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Lake type: Warm monomictic
Primary inflows: Inflow Channel Telbal from Jhelum River -291.9 million cubic metres
Primary outflows: Regulated, two channels (Dal Gate and Nalla Amir) – 275.6 million cubic metres
Catchment area: 316 square kilometres (122 sq mi)
Basin countries: India
Max. length: 7.44 km (4.62 mi)
Max. width; 3.5 km (2.2 mi)
Surface area: 18–22 square kilometres (6.9–8.5 sq mi)
Average depth: 1.42 metres (4.7 ft)
Max. depth: 6 m (20 ft)
Water volume: 983 million cubic metres
Residence time: 22.16 days
Shore length: 15.5 km (9.6 mi)
Surface elevation: 1,583 m (5,194 ft)
Frozen: During severe winter
Islands: Two (Sona Lank and Rupa Lank (or Char Chinari)

Kashmir Dal Lake In Winter:

Dal Lake  is a lake in Srinagar, the summer capital of the northernmost Indianstate of Jammu and Kashmir. The urban lake, which is the second largest in the state, is integral to tourism and recreation in Kashmir and is nicknamed the “Jewel in the crown of Kashmir”or “Srinagar’s Jewel”. The lake is also an important source for commercial operations in fishing and water plant harvesting.

The shore line of the lake, about 15.5 kilometres (9.6 mi), is encompassed by a boulevard lined with Mughal era gardens, parks, houseboats and hotels. Scenic views of the lake can be witnessed from the shore line Mughal gardens, such as Shalimar Bagh and Nishat Bagh built during the reign of Mughal Emperor Jahangir) and from houseboats cruising along the lake in the colourful shikaras. During the winter season, the temperature sometimes reaches −11 °C(12 °F), freezing the lake.

The lake covers an area of 18 square kilometres (6.9 sq mi) and is part of a natural wetland which covers 21.1 square kilometres (8.1 sq mi), including its floating gardens. The floating gardens, known as “Rad” in Kashmiri, blossom with lotus flowers during July and August. The wetland is divided by causeways into four basins; GagribalLokut DalBod Dal and Nagin(although Nagin is also considered as an independent lake). Lokut-dal and Bod-dal each have an island in the centre, known as Rup Lank (or Char Chinari) and Sona Lank respectively.

At present, the Dal Lake and its Mughal gardens, Shalimar Bagh and the Nishat Bagh on its periphery are undergoing intensive restoration measures to fully address the seriouseutrophication problems experienced by the lake. Massive investments of around US $275 million (Rs 1100 crores) is being made by the Government of India to restore the lake to its original splendour.

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