Just passing the town of Sanquelim, there is a detour road leading towards Arvalem Caves. These caves from the 6th century, are quite small, with no articulate sculptures or paintings.
The origin of these caves is uncertain, some believing them to be of Buddhist origin, although the presence of lingas does not justify this statement claiming them to be of Brahmin origin.
They are also claimed to be known as the Pandava caves, signifying the reign of Pandavas here during their 12 year exile as described in the Mahabharata. The shafts of the four carved lingas inside the cave resemble to those found at the famous Elephanta and Ellora caves.
The Arvalem caves are very much patterned in the Buddhist cave style, rock cut into laterite stone, with the sanctuary at the northern end and the vihara at the southern end.
The claim of the caves being of Buddhist origin is a justified statement, mainly due to the discovery of a huge Buddha statue nearby and a 4th century Buddha head found in the Mhamai Kamat house now installed in the Goa State Museum.
The Jantra Mantra (literally the ‘instrument and formula’ and often called the Jantar Mantar), is located in the modern city of New Delhi, Delhi. It consists of 13 architectural astronomy instruments, built by MaharajaJai Singh II of Jaipur, from 1724 onwards, and is one of five built by him, as he was given by Mughal emperorMuhammad Shah the task of revising the calendar and astronomical tables. There is plaque fixed on one of the structures in the Jantar Mantar observatory in New Delhi that was placed there in 1910 mistakenly dating the construction of the complex to the year 1710. Later research, though, suggests 1724 as the actual year of construction.
Red Fort In Delhi
Red Fort, also known by all as the Lal Qila, lies on the Netaji Subhash Marg in New Delhi stretching towards Old Delhinext to Chandni Chowk and can be reached by Metro Link with Kashmiri Gate as the nearest Metro Station. It is the seventh fort of Delhi and was constructed in 1639 that took ten years to complete in 1648 over the ‘Mughal city’ and ‘seventh city of Delhi’ named ‘Shahjahanabad’ or the ‘Walled City’ by Mughal Emperor ShahJahan. It was named as the Quila-i-Mubarak which means the ‘Blessed Fort’ that would be a home to the Mughal Royal Family and also serve as the Capital of the Mughal Empire. In 1857, Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled by the British who then used the fort as their Military camp up till the Independence of India in 1947. During the Mughal reign, the fort saw numerous changes, alterations and additions by Emperor ShahJahan, Emperor Aurangzeb and the British Government.
The India Gate is the national monument of India. Situated in the heart of New Delhi, the India Gate was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens, inspired by the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. It was built in 1931. Originally known as the All India War Memorial, it is a prominent landmark in Delhi and commemorates the 90,000 soldiers of the Indian Army who lost their lives while fighting for the Indian Empire, or more correctly the British Raj, in World War I and the Third Anglo-Afghan War. It is composed of red and pale sandstone and granite.
Originally, a statue of George V of the United Kingdom stood under the now vacant canopy in front of the India Gate, but it was removed to Coronation Parktogether with other statues. Following India’s independence, the India Gate became the site of the Indian Army’s Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, known asAmar Jawan Jyoti (“the flame of the immortal soldier”).